Women who live under correctional institution have special needs which are relate either with biological, psychological, or their vulnerability as a woman. In Indonesia, some national and international regulations had been signed as a starting poin which show government’s commitment to fulfill special needs for woman prisoners. This commitment is mandated to Directorate General of Correction under The Ministry of Law and Human Rights as government’s institution that working as the law executor in Indonesia Criminal Justice System. To see how this commitment works, Center for Detention Studies conducted survey of correctional service quality in 12 woman correctional institutions, which had involved 385 of woman inmates and 35 woman custodies in 4 (four) different periodes during 2013-2015. Result shows that government’s commitment to fulfill woman prisoners’ special needs had not been implemented well. Strong of patriarchy paradigm which assumed that it is not natural for woman to commit crime brings negative effects in many components in woman prisons. Thus, those components work without gender sensitive perspectives. From prison architecture design to rehabilitation programs, it shows us how woman was not expected to commit crime and being placed in prison. As result, women who live under correctional institution experience many forms of neglected towards woman’s right, especially the right to fulfill their special needs.
(Abstract of article for International Conference on Feminism: Intersecting Identities, Agency and Politics, 23-24 September 2016 by Lilis Lisnawati)